In the hot summer, beware of intestinal infectious diseases
In the hottest time of the year, when people enjoy all kinds of cold food, they must also beware of various intestinal infectious diseases, because summer is the high season of intestinal infectious diseases.
Common intestinal infectious diseases in summer are: cholera, paracholera, dysentery, typhoid, paratyphoid, hepatitis A, hepatitis E and so on.
Why is it easy to develop intestinal infectious diseases in summer?
The summer is hot, all kinds of bacteria and viruses grow fast, and the water source food and environment are easily polluted. It is the main cause of various infectious diseases.
The hot and humid climate in summer and autumn is very suitable for the breeding and growth of flies and germs;
Food is prone to spoilage and causes acute poisoning;
Adequate rain, easy to pollute the water source, causing waterborne transmission of the disease;
In summer and autumn, people like raw fruits and vegetables, such as washing and disinfection is not completely susceptible to intestinal infectious diseases;
In summer and autumn, people's loss of appetite, reduced nutrient absorption, sweating, water and salt loss increased, like to open the fan and air conditioning sleep easy to catch cold, etc. caused the body's resistance to decline.
What are the main symptoms of infection with intestinal infectious diseases?
The general clinical symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite and other gastrointestinal symptoms, some may be associated with fever, headache, systemic poisoning symptoms. The lightness of the symptoms is important to see which bacteria and viruses are infected. Some intestinal infectious diseases are very dangerous, such as cholera and toxic bacterial diseases, food poisoning, etc. The bacteria grow and multiply in the human body, and the toxins quickly enter the human blood. If left untreated, it can cause serious complications and lead to multiple organ failure and death.
How to prevent intestinal infectious diseases?
1. Pay attention to the health of drinking water, do not drink raw water, do not eat spoiled food, especially pay attention to not eating raw food or half-life seafood and aquatic products. The food should be thoroughly cooked and cooked thoroughly. The remaining food and food should be thoroughly heated before eating. Traveling, traveling, and working should choose restaurants with good sanitation and try to eat less cold salad. It is best not to eat at the roadside open-air diet stalls.
2. High-risk groups can be vaccinated with typhoid vaccine, oral dysentery vaccine, oral rotavirus vaccine, and hepatitis A vaccine.
How to deal with infection after intestinal infection?
Summer is a high season for diarrhoeal diseases. Because of the variety of causes of diarrhea, it is necessary to take appropriate measures for the cause. When abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and other gastrointestinal symptoms occur, it is necessary to go to the intestine clinic of the nearest medical institution in time to avoid delaying the disease.